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        1. 高中英語常見的10大聽力場景詞匯

           來源:互聯網    要點:高考英語聽力復習  
          編輯點評: 高考考試的對話內容場景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校園、生活、工作、各種社交場所。了解一些場景下的常用語和常見表達對解題是很有幫助的。對這些常用詞匯和短語不僅要知道其本身的意思,還要知道它們的同義表達方式。

          高考考試的對話內容場景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校園、生活、工作、各種社交場所。了解一些場景下的常用語和常見表達對解題是很有幫助的。對這些常用詞匯和短語不僅要知道其本身的意思,還要知道它們的同義表達方式。這是因為現在聽力試題一般不會在選項中出現對話中的原詞和詞組。以下場景是對話當中所占比例最大的,掌握了這些場景下的常用短語和表達方式,也就從詞匯和短語方面抓住了解題的關鍵。

          (1)餐館場景:

          order 點菜 serve 上菜 change 零錢 Keep the change! 不用找零錢了! tip 小費 treat 請客 (This is my treat! 我請客!)go Dutch AA制 (Let’s go fifty fifty. ) steak 牛排 cheese奶酪 sandwich 三明治 bacon 腌肉 soup 湯 plain water 自來水(西餐中洗手用的)doughnut 多納圈 appetizer 開胃物 dessert甜品,水果(作為正餐的最后一道) go out for dinner / dinner out 出去吃飯 snack bar 小吃街;大排擋 hamburger 漢堡包 coke 可口可樂 French fries 炸薯條 dining hall ;coffee shop ;restaurant ;cafeteria ;canteen; buffet 自助餐

          (2)郵局場景:

          stamp envelope package / parcel 包裹 overweight 超重 extra postage 額外郵資 send / post / deliver a letter / mail 寄 /發信 express mail 快件 airmail 航空信件 surface mail 陸地郵寄open an account 開一個帳戶

          (3)圖書館場景:

          library card; borrow; lend; keep; renew; bookshelf; novel; science fiction科幻小說;magazine; periodical期刊; reference book; librarian 圖書管理員 pay a fine 交罰款 Can I help you? / What can I do for you?

          (4)醫院及健康場景:

          aspirin 阿司匹林 regular doctor 私人醫生 emergence department 急診室 ICU (= intensive care unit)特護病房 treatment 治療手段 take one’s temperature / blood pressure 測量體溫/血壓 medicine: pills / tablets藥丸/藥片 heart attack 心臟病 cold / flu 流感:have/catch a cold; pain; headache; stomach-ache; backache; sore-throat喉嚨痛 cough; fever。What’s up? (多用于男生之間)How is it going? How are you? 回答:I’m fine. / I feel good/terrific. / I couldn’t be better. / Nothing is very wrong with me. 好。 I am not feeling good. / I feel terrible/horrible/awful. / I am not myself these days. 不好。 (注意聽語氣:身體好的時候,語調上揚,語氣非常歡快; 身體不好的時候,降調,語氣非常郁悶。)

          (5)電話場景:

          operator 接線員 Extension six two two six, please. 請轉6226。The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 電話占線。long distance call 長途電話 collect call 對方付費的電話 put through 接通電話 hold on / up Hold the line, please. Hello! This is …speaking. Who’s speaking? / who is this? call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb. ;give sb. a call/ ring I’ll call back later / again. I’ll ring him / her up again. I couldn’t get through. Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.

          (6)酒店場景:

          make a reservation 預定房間 reception desk 接待處 check in 入住 check out 結帳 single room 單間 suite套間 Do you have a reservation Sir? Have you got any vacant room? (= Is there any room available here?)有空房間嗎?All the room are occupied. 房間已滿。Can I have a suite please? How much do you charge for that? Smoking or no smoking? Meals included. 包括飲食。Can I show you your room? / Can I carry your luggage?

          (7)超速場景:

          speeding May I see your license, please? You will be fined by $20.

          (8)購物場景:

           store 雜貨店 department store 百貨商場 shopping center 購物中心 商品信息:size; color; style; price What color/size/kind do you want? 商品論貴賤expensive, cheap 價格論高低high, low bargain便宜貨 popular / fashionable 流行的 in fashion 流行,時尚 out of fashion 過時的 brand 品牌 counter 柜臺 pay in cash 用現金支付 pay in check 用支票支付 credit card 信用卡 shop assistant 商店營業員 out of stock 脫銷/缺貨 in stock 有貨

          (9)天氣場景:

          cloudy 陰天 overcast 多云 thunder 打雷 strong/ high wind 大風 tornado 龍卷風 typhoon 臺風 storm 風暴 blizzard暴風雨 It rains cats and dogs.(=The rain is pouring.)下著傾盆大雨。downpour傾盆大雨 shower 陣雨 clear up 天空放晴 put away clothes 下雨收衣服 weather in London / Seattle 意指不好的天氣 weather in California 意指好天氣 經常和天氣相聯系的情況:vacation 和 flight(航班) (be delayed/cancelled by the bad weather)

          (10)機場場景:

          flight 航班 Welcome on board 歡迎登機 bound for…飛往……方向去的 check in 辦理登機手續 behind schedule 晚點 take off 起飛land降落

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